Glutamine & Intestinal Health
There is increasing awareness and use of probiotics to improve gut health and conditions associated with its dysbiosis.
There are many reasons to use probiotics to help achieve and maintain health including chronic disease such as diabetes mellitus, helping build the immune system in children and adults, and colon cancer.
According to Grover et al 2012, “Trillions of microbes inhabit the human intestine, forming a complex ecological community that influences normal physiology and susceptibility to disease through complex host microbial interactions.”
When the integrity of the gut microbial composition is challenged through diet, antibiotic use, or environmental exposures the distortion may lead to chronic disease including autoimmune disease, colon cancers, gastric ulcers and lifestyle diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Grover et al, 2012).
In fact, Dr. Guarner from the University HosptialVall d’ Hebron in Spain emphasized that the host provides the habitat and nutrition to microbial communities; in fact, “we need gut microbiota.”
The importance of these microbes are highlighted by the fact there are microbes associated with increased production of T lymphocytes which are involved in the production of our cells responsible for immune responses.
The main question still at play regarding probiotics in their use is not so much whether they are beneficial but what dose and how quality is affected with supplementation. Also, there is concern on the lack of research thus far on what probiotic, how much and which disease or conditions with which it correlates.
In conclusion, probiotics are beneficial for many conditions and have gained the attention of many healthcare professionals.
Grover, S., Mallap, H., Srivastava, A., Batish, V., (2012). Probiotics for human health – new innovations and emerging trends.Gut Pathology, (4)15; doi: 10.1186/1757-4749-4-15 retrieved 2/4/14.
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